The Harwood Heights Police Department plays an important role in homeland security for the Village of Harwood Heights. As a citizen, you can contribute to the community by becoming well informed and better prepared. Devastating acts, such as the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, have left many concerned about the possibility of future incidents in the United States and their potential impact. They have raised uncertainty about what might happen next, increasing stress levels. Nevertheless, there are things you can do to prepare for the unexpected and reduce the stress that you may feel now and later should another emergency arise. Taking preparatory action can reassure you and your family that you can exert a measure of control even in the face of such events.
Finding out what can happen is the first step. Once you have determined the possible events and their potential in the community, it is important that you discuss them with your family or household. Develop a disaster plan together.
Choose an out-of-town contact your family or household will call or email to check on each other should a disaster occur. Your selected contact should live far enough away that they would unlikely to be directly affected by the same event, and they should know they are the chosen contact. Make sure every household member has that contact’s and each other’s, email addresses and telephone numbers (home, work, pager and cell). Leave these contact numbers at your children’s schools, if you have children, and at your workplace. Your family should know that if telephones are not working, they need to be patient and try again later or try email. Many flood the telephone lines when emergencies happen but email can sometimes get through when cells don’t.
Having a predetermined meeting place away from your home will save time and minimize confusion should your home be affected or the area evacuated. You may even want to make arrangements to stay with a family member or friend in case of an emergency. Be sure to include any pets in these plans, since pets are not permitted in shelters and some hotels will not accept them.
If you need to evacuate your home or are asked to “shelter in place,” having some essential supplies on hand will make you and your family more comfortable: prepare a disaster supplies kit in an easy-to-carry container such as a duffel bag or small plastic trash can; include “special needs” items for any household member (infant formula or items for people with disabilities or older people), first aid supplies (including prescription medications), a change of clothing for each person, a sleeping bag or bedroll for each, a battery powered radio or television and extra batteries, food, bottled water and tools; it is also a good idea to include some cash and copies of important family documents (birth certificates, passports and licenses) in your kit; copies of essential documents - like powers of attorney, birth and marriage certificates, insurance policies, life insurance beneficiary designations and a copy of your will – should also be kept in a safe location outside your home. A safe deposit box or the home of a friend or family member who lives out of town is a good choice.
You need to know if they will keep children at school until a parent or designated adult can pick them up or send them home on their own. Be sure that the school has updated information about how to reach parents and responsible caregivers to arrange for pickup. And ask what type of authorization the school may require to release a child to someone you designate, if you are not able to pickup your child. During times of emergency the school telephones may be overwhelmed with calls.
Remain calm and be patient; follow the advice of local emergency officials; listen to your radio or television for news and instructions; if the disaster occurs near you, check for injuries. Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people; if the disaster occurs near your home while you are there, check for damage using a flashlight. Do not light matches or candles or turn on electrical switches. Check for fires, fire hazards and other household hazards. Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell gas or suspect a leak, turn off the main gas value, open windows, and get everyone outside quickly; shut off any other damaged utilities; confine or secure your pets; call your family contact – do not use the telephone again unless it is a life threatening emergency; check on your neighbors, especially those who are elderly or disabled.
As we learned from the events of September 11th, 2001, the following things can happen after a terrorist attack: there can be significant numbers of casualties and/or damage to buildings and the infrastructure. So employers need up-to-date information about any medical needs you may have and how to contact your designated beneficiaries; heavy law enforcement involvement at local, state and federal levels follows a terrorist attack due to the event’s criminal nature; health and mental health resources in the affected communities can be strained to their limits, maybe even overwhelmed.; extensive media coverage, strong public fear and international implications and consequences can continue for a prolonged period; workplaces and schools may be closed, and there may be restrictions on domestic and international travel; you and your family or household may have to evacuate an area, avoiding roads blocked for your safety; clean-up may take many months.
If local authorities ask you to leave your home, they have a good reason to make this request, and you should heed the advice immediately. Listen to your radio or TV, follow the instructions of local emergency officials and keep these simple tips in mind; wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants and sturdy shoes so you can be protected as much as possible; take your disaster supplies kit; take your pets with you; do not leave them behind. Because pets are not permitted in public shelters, follow your plan to go to a relative or friend’s home, or find a “pet-friendly” hotel; lock your home; use travel routes specified by local authorities-don’t use shortcuts because certain areas may be impassable or dangerous; stay away from downed power lines; listen to local authorities. They will provide you with the most accurate information specific to an event in your area. Staying tuned to local radio and television, and following their instructions is your safest choice; if you’re sure you have time call your family contact to tell them where you are going and when you expect to arrive; shut off water electricity before leaving, if instructed to do so. Leave natural gas service ON unless local officials advise you otherwise. You may need gas for heating and cooking.
If you are advised by local officials to “shelter in place,” what they mean is for you to remain inside your home or office and protect yourself there. Close and lock all windows and exterior doors. Turn off all fans, heating and air-conditioning systems. Close the fireplace damper. Get your disaster supplies kit, and make sure the radio is working. Go to an interior room without windows that’s above ground level. In case of a chemical threat an above ground location is preferable because some chemicals are heavier than air, and may seep into basements even if the windows are closed. Using duct tape, seal all cracks around the door and any vents into the room. Keep listening to your radio or television until you are told all is safe or you are told to evacuate. Local officials may call for evacuation in specific areas at greatest risk to our community.
Listening to local radio and television reports will provide you with the most accurate information from responsible governmental authorities on what’s happening and what actions you will need to take; another useful preparation includes learning some basic first aid; CPR courses are taught at Norwood Park Fire Department; in an emergency situation, you need to tend to your own well-being first and then consider first aid for others immediately around you.
- Terrorism: Preparing for the Unexpected
- Homeland Security Advisory System: Family
- Ready America, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- Ready Business, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- U.S. Department of Energy
- U.S. Department of Health
- Federal Emergency Management Agency
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Federal Bureau of Investigation